Then he put our farms, gardens, parks, and houses to the torch, while he killed and enslaved as many of our Christian brothers as he found; he broke the treaty of friendship. You are protected inside the walls, while they will advance without cover and with toil. The version I have has a lot more after the word camel…about an entire page worth. The original historical source though is: George Sphrantzes – The Fall of the Byzantine Empire. I do too. Germanistan Fuhrer Merkel Warns Against “Radical” Brexit Speech by Constantine XI June 18, 2016, 1:00 PM updated January 14, 2018, 3:19 PM 3.2k Views 0 … Emperor Constantine XI attended a final religious service and gave a rousing speech to the men and women of Constantinople. Despite the amalgamation of Greek and Roman influences, its language and culture was Greek. “I can tell you that this city mastered the entire universe; She placed beneath her feet Pontus, Armenia, Paphlagonia, The Amazonian lands, Cappadocia, Galatia, Media, Georgian Colchis, Bosphoros, Albania, Syria, Cilicia, Mesopotamia, Phoenicia, Palestine, Arabia, Judea, Bactria, Scythia, Macedonia, Thessaly, Hellas, Boeotia, Locris, Aetolia, Arcarnania, Achaea, the Peloponnese, Epirus, Illyria, Lykhnites, the Adriatic, Italy, Tuscany, the Celts, and Galatian Celts, Spain up to Cadiz, Libya, Mauritania, Ethiopia, Beledes, Scude, Numidia, Africa and Egypt. I didnt skip anything. For a long time they will continue so and will also release over us countless rocks, all sorts of arrows and missiles, like the sand of the sea. If one dumb beast put another to flight, we, the masters of horses and animals, can surely even do better against our advancing enemies, since they are dumb animals, worse even than pigs. I implore you today to become, with all your souls, the defenders of this City caught in the misfortunes of such a war; for you have come to know her as your second homeland and mother forever. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Constantinople is an ancient city in modern-day Turkey that’s now known as Istanbul. When I check the original source there is a good portion missing. Keep your right hand, armed with the sword, extended in front of you at all times. It had long been under the Frankish principality of 'Achaia' Constantine was crowned Emperor January 6, 1449 AD succeeding his brother. Constantine's death marked the end of the Byzantine Empire, which traced its origin to Constantine the Great's foundation of Constantinople as the Roman Empire's new capital in 330. This was Constantine's opening speech when the bishops began to meet in session at Nicea. At this point, women and children had joined in the defense. Even if one gains the entire world but loses his soul in the process, what will it benefit! For this reason I am imploring you to fight like men with brave souls, as you have done from the beginning up to this day, against the enemy of our faith. At first, the Byzantine Empire was the continuation of the Roman Empire in the east.In 330 C.E., the Roman emperor Constantine moved his capital from Rome to the city of Byzantium. Although the Turkish state presents the Fall of Constantinople as an epic achievement, their narrative often omits that the Byzantine Empire was in a state of decline since the 1204 Catholic Fourth Crusade that destroyed the city. But you are all familiar with their chattering and I need say no more about it. “You are well aware that this irreligious Sultan, the enemy of our holy faith, violated for no good reason the peace treaty we had with him and disregarded his numerous oaths without a second thought. “Most noble leader, illustrious tribunes, generals, most courageous fellow soldiers and all loyal honest citizens! This city was an old Greek trading colony on the eastern edge of Europe. When Constantinople’s walls were finally breached, Constantine XI knew there would be no mercy, as seen by the three day of mass murder, rape and pillage the Ottoman’s committed after the capture of the city. Please confirm if nothing was left out. Fourth, we will be separated from our dearest children, wives and relatives. Consider then, my brothers and comrades in arms, how the commemoration of our death, our memory, fame and freedom can be rendered eternal.”, Greek citizens living abroad have always had the right to vote in Greek elections according…, In the northeastern part of Corfu, one finds an impressive house that overlooks the Ionian…, NOYNOY is a household name in Greece, with generations of children growing up drinking this…. “For these reasons, my fellow soldiers, prepare yourselves, be firm, and remain valiant, for the pity of God, Take your example from the few elephants of the Carthaginians and how they dispersed the numerous cavalry of the Romans with their noise and appearance. I can tell you that this city mastered the entire universe; She placed beneath her feet Pontus, Armenia, Paphlagonia, The Amazonian lands, Cappadocia, Galatia, Media, Georgian Colchis, Bosphoros, Albania, Syria, Cilicia, Mesopotamia, Phoenicia, Palestine, Arabia, Judea, Bactria, Scythia, Macedonia, Thessaly, Boeotia, Locris, Aetolia, Arcarnania, Achaea, the Peloponnese, Epirus, Illyria, Lykhnites, the Adriatic, Italy, Tuscany, the Celts, and Galatian Celts, Spain up to Cadiz, Libya, Mauritania, Ethiopia, Beledes, Scude, Numidia, Africa and Egypt. Now the diaspora can, 100-year-old man wearing traditional Cretan head piece receives COVID-19 vaccine. I hand over to you my glorious, famous, respected, noble city, the shining Queen of Cities, our homeland. I own Norwich’s Byzantium vol 3 and this speech is not in it. if only he had been Emperor at an earlier time. Emperor Constantine XI Palaiologos is not only remembered for being the last Byzantine Emperor who put up a brave last stand against the Ottomans, but also for his last speech to his officers and allies before the Fall of Constantinople on May 29, 1453 by Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II. “Well, my brothers, if we must fight for one of these obligations, we will be even more liable under the command strength of all four; as you can clearly understand. Even if one gains the entire world but loses his soul in the process, what will be the benefit! You know well, my brothers, that we have four obligations in common, which force us to prefer death over survival: first our faith and piety; second our homeland; third, the emperor anointed by the Lord and fourth; our relatives and friends. Third, our empire, renowned in the past but presently humbled, low and exhausted, will be ruled by a tyrant and an impious man. I did not leave it out as this is not my translation. They attempt to frighten us with loud yells and innumerable battle cries. Final speech of the last Byzantine emperor: “Present your shield and sword descendants of Greeks”. Protect your heads with shields in combat and battle. “The enemy…are supported by guns, cavalry, infantry, and their numerical superiority, but we rely on the name of the Lord our God and Savior, and secondly, on our hands and the strength which has been granted to us by the power of God.” If one dumb beast put another to flight, we, the masters of horses and animals, can surely even do better against our advancing enemies, since they are dumb animals, worse even than pigs. Where did you get this from? I must have gotten it mixed up with another book. Best, Shame on you for skpping a key part ” the hope and joy of all Hellens”. Crying, “The City is lost, but I live,” Emperor Constantine XI stripped and flung off his royal regalia and “spurred on his horse and reached the spot where the Turks were coming in … This is most important of all. Battle. He was trained as a soldier and in 1441 conquered the Morea Peninsula of Greece. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Present your shield, swords, arrows, and spears to them, imagining that you are a hunting party after wild boars, so that the impious may learn that they are dealing not with dumb animals but with their lords and masters, the descendants of the Greeks and the Romans. Runciman believed in the art of turning history into readable narrative--something he does with remarkable skill--and the result is a book that is powerful and engrossing, but which, by necessity, must elide, simplify, and generally stick to a single narrative perspective. They attempt to frighten us with loud yells and innumerable battle cries. Constantine XI Dragaš Palaeologus (1404–1453): The Last Emperor of Byzantium John Julius Norwich’s three volume history is my favorite and not a single page of it was boring. … Constantinople was the largest and wealthiest city in Christendom during the Middle Ages, the seat of the Byzantine emperor and the centre of a predominately Christian empire, steeped in Greek cultural and artistic influences, yet founded and maintained by a Roman legal and administrative system. You are aware and know that this City was not only mine but yours too for many reasons. T. D. BARNES; CONSTANTINE'S SPEECH TO THE ASSEMBLY OF THE SAINTS: PLACE AND DATE OF DELIVERY, The Journal of Theological Studies, Volume 52, Issue 1, … Will you double check the second to last sentence endening in “camel” if you haven’t cut out material? You know well, my brothers, that we have four obligations in common, which force us to prefer death over survival: first our faith and piety; second our homeland; third, the emperor anointed by the Lord, and fourth; our relatives and friends. He was trained as a soldier, and in 1430 liberated the peninsula of Morea in Greece, which had been under the Frankish principality of Achaia, a state established by the Crusaders. Then he put our farms, gardens, parks, and houses to the torch, while he killed and enslaved as many of our Christian brothers as he found; he broke the treaty of friendship. ( Log Out /  Highly recommend! This is most important of all. With the grace and strength granted you by God and with help from our Holy Trinity, in which we have placed all our hope, let us force the enemy to depart from here in shame.”, Other Academic Sources In 1453, when Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Turks, he was last seen fighting at the city walls, but the actual circumstances of his death have remained surrounded in myth. Citing sources is an obvious requirement. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Im at the mercy of the translations I used. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Second, we will be deprived of such famous homeland and of our liberty. When the shades of evening began to fall people moved, as if by instinct, towards the church of the Holy Wisdom. It was an end of an already dying empire but his speech is very moving and demonstrates the human spirit when set against great odds. Present your shield, swords, arrows, and spears to them, imagining that you are a hunting party after wild boars, so that the impious may learn that they are dealing not with dumb animals but with their lords and masters, the descendants of the Greeks and the Romans. He is sometimes referred to as Constantine XII, based on the erroneous idea that Constantine Lascaris was crowned in 1204. Once again, it is time to demonstrate your love in Christ, your bravery, and your excellence in her cause.”, Then he spoke to the combined assembly: “There is no time for longer speeches. Constantine XI Palaeologos (1404-1453), also called Dragases, last Byzantine emperor, was born in 1404 in Mistra, was the son of Emperor Manuel II. I think i pulled this for Volume 3 of John Julius Norwich’s Byzantium. For a long time they will continue so and will also release over us countless rocks, all sorts of arrows and missiles, like the sand of the sea. You have often assisted her willingly in hours of need and have delivered her from her enemies, the sons of Hagar. Suddenly, he appeared and built his castle in the straights of Asomatosso so he might be able to inflict daily harm on us. Our enemies have none and use no such weapons. Emperor Constantine XI named Giustiniani commander of his land defenses and spent the rest of the winter strengthening the city for a siege. Now he wants to enslave her and throw the yoke upon the Mistress of Cities, our holy churches, where the Holy Trinity was worshipped, where the Holy Ghost was glorified in hymns, where angels were heard praising in chant the deity of and the incarnation of God’s word, he wants to turn into shrines of his blasphemy, shrines of the mad and false Prophet, Mohammed, as well as into stables for his horses and camels. Constantine Palaologus XI speaks before his officers and allies before the final push of the siege of Constantinople by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed Bey. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. [5] 1492 – The Catholic Monarchs Ferdinand and Isabella enter Granada at the conclusion of the Granada War . Change ). ( Log Out /  She became the Queen of Cities, the shield and aid of our homeland, the shelter of Christians, the hope and joy of all wishes to destroy this city, which was once proud and blooming like a rose of the field. Often have you dealt death to the multitude of the sons of Hagar with your shining swords and grace; their blood has flown in streams at your hands. Yet now too, my brothers, feel no cowardice, even if small parts of our fortifications have collapsed from the explosions and engine missiles, as you can see, we made all possible, necessary repairs. Then the Ottomans discovered a door ajar to the Kerkoporta Gate. Protect your heads with shields in combat and battle. From Eusebius, Life of Constantine III:12. Third, our empire, renowned in the past but presently humbled, low and exhausted, will be ruled by a tyrant and an impious man. Emperor Constantine XI Palaiologos was the last emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire, today more commonly known as the Byzantine Empire. President of the ‘Greece 2021’ Committee, Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki, announced the release of the official line of licenced commemorative and collectible products. Your helmets, breastplates and suits of armour are fully sufficient together with your other weapons and will prove very effective in battle. Margaret Carroll. Byzantine history is full of incredible Godly men. I still can’t figure out which book in my library I sourced it from, but I have a copy of Sphrantzes book in PDF. At the time, Mistra, a fortified town also called Sparta or Lacedaemon due to its proximity to the ancient city,was a center of arts and culture rivalling Constantinople. Know this, too: If you keep my orders in your heart, I hope to God taht we will be delivered from His present, righteous threat. Realizing that all contacts with the Ottoman side were broken Emperor Constantine XI Palaeologus (1449-1453) ordered the closing of the city’s gates. After establishing himself as the Despot, Constantine worked to strengthen the defence of the Morea, including reconstructing a wall across the Isthmus of Cori… Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. When Constantinople’s walls were finally breached, Constantine XI knew there would be no quarter, but he would not flee with the Genoese generals. If God grants victory to the impious because of my own sins, we will endanger our lives for our holy faith, which Christ gave us with his own blood. 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